Lightweight Resource Scaling for Cloud Applications

2012 12th IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Cluster, Cloud and Grid Computing (2012)

Elastic resource provisioning is a key feature of cloud computing, allowing users to scale up or down resource allocation for their applications at run-time. To date, most practical approaches to managing elasticity are based on allocation/de-allocation of the virtual machine (VM) instances to the application. This VM-level elasticity typically incurs both considerable overhead and extra costs, especially for applications with rapidly fluctuating demands. In this paper, we propose a lightweight approach to enable cost-effective elasticity for cloud applications. Our approach operates fine-grained scaling at the resource level itself (CPUs, memory, I/O, etc) in addition to VM-level scaling. We also present the design and implementation of an intelligent platform for light-weight resource management of cloud applications. We describe our algorithms for light-weight scaling and VM-level scaling and show their interaction. We then use an industry standard benchmark to evaluate the effectiveness of our approach and compare its performance against traditional approaches.